LANA: Towards Personalized Deep Knowledge Tracing Through Distinguishable Interactive Sequences
Abstract: In educational applications, Knowledge Tracing (KT) has been widely studied for decades as it is considered a fundamental task towards adaptive online learning. Among proposed KT methods, Deep Knowledge Tracing (DKT) and its variants are by far the most effective ones due to the high flexibility of the neural network. However, DKT often ignores the inherent differences between students (e.g. memory skills, reasoning skills, ...), averaging the performances of all students, leading to the lack of personalization, and therefore was considered insufficient for adaptive learning. To alleviate this problem, in this paper, we proposed Leveled Attentive KNowledge TrAcing (LANA), which firstly uses a novel student-related features extractor (SRFE) and pivot modules to distill and distinguish students' unique inherent properties from their respective interactive sequences. Moreover, inspired by Item Response Theory (IRT), the interpretable Rasch model was used to cluster students by their ability levels, and thereby utilizing leveled learning to assign different encoders to different groups of students. With pivot module reconstructed the decoder for individual students and leveled learning specialized encoders for groups, personalized DKT was achieved. Extensive experiments conducted on two real-world large-scale datasets demonstrated that our proposed LANA improves the AUC score by at least 1.00% (i.e. EdNet 1.46% and RAIEd2020 1.00%), substantially surpassing the other State-Of-The-Art KT methods.